14 مرداد 1399
محبوبه ضرابي

محبوبه ضرابی

مرتبه علمی: استادیار
نشانی: کیلومتر چهار جاده ملایر -اراک، دانشگاه ملی ملایر، دانشکده کشاورزی ، گروه علوم خاک
تحصیلات: دکترای تخصصی / مهندسی کشاورزی-خاکشناسی
تلفن:
دانشکده: کشاورزی

مشخصات پژوهش

عنوان
Leaching of nitrogen and base cations from calcareous soil amended with organic residues
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
nitrogen; base cations; organic residues; leaching; calcareous soils
سال
2012
مجله ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY
پژوهشگران محبوبه ضرابی

چکیده

The potential for groundwater and surface water pollution by nutrients in organic residues, primarily nitrogen (N) and base cations (K+, Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+), is a consideration when applying such residues to land. In this study, we used a laboratory column leaching procedure to examine the leaching of N, K+, Na+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ in soils treated with two types of raw organic residues (poultry manure and potato residues) and one municipal waste compost, which are currently recycled on agricultural land in Iran. Each organic residue was thoroughly mixed with two different soils (sandy loam and clay) at the rate of 3%. Soil columns were leached at 4-d intervals for 92 d with distilled water, and effluents were analysed for pH, EC, nitrate (NO− 3 -N), ammonium (NH+ 4 -N) K+, Na+, Ca2+ and Mg2+. The results indicated that the amounts of NO− 3 -N and NH+ 4 -N leached from the poultry manure and potato residues could represent very important economic losses of N and pose an environmental threat under field conditions. The sandy loam soil amended with poultry manure lost the highest amount of NO− 3 -N (206.4 kg ha−1), and clay soil amended with poultry manure lost the highest amounts of NH+ 4 -N (454.3 kg ha−1). The results showed that a treatment incorporating 3% of municipal waste compost could be used without negative effects to groundwater N concentration in clay soil. Significant amounts of K+, Na+, Ca2+, and Mg2+ were leached owing to the application of poultry manure, potato and municipal waste compost to soils. There was a positive relationship between K+, Na+, Ca2+, and Mg2+ with NO− 3 -N and NH+ 4 -N leached in soils. Analysis of variance detected significant effects of amendment, soil type and time on the leaching NO− 3 -N, NH+ 4 -N, K+, Na+, Ca2+ and Mg2+.