03 خرداد 1403
مهيار يوسفي

مهیار یوسفی

مرتبه علمی: دانشیار
نشانی:
تحصیلات: دکترای تخصصی / مهندسی معدن-اکتشافات معدن
تلفن:
دانشکده: دانشکده فنی مهندسی

مشخصات پژوهش

عنوان
Stream sediment geochemical data analysis for district-scale mineral exploration targeting: Measuring the performance of the spatial U-statistic and C-A fractal modeling
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Geochemical footprintsAnomaly identificationOre-forming processesExploration targets
سال
2019
مجله ORE GEOLOGY REVIEWS
پژوهشگران مهیار یوسفی

چکیده

Recognition of mineralization-related geochemical footprints and modeling their multi-element dispersion patterns are important aspects to consider when “vectoring” toward undiscovered ore deposits. The collection, analysis, and interpretation of stream sediment geochemical data together make an exploration method that has proven to be successful at the district scale mineral exploration targeting. Identifying the possible sources of stream sediment geochemical anomalies and mapping evidence (i.e., footprints) of the underlying ore-forming processes, however, are not trivial tasks. This is because stream sediment samples represent transported material reflecting the entire geology upstream from the sample locations. Furthermore, indicator element distribution patterns are commonly strongly affected by local factors such as regolith, topographic gradient, vegetation density, and/or climate. Therefore, there is a need for finding a better geochemical anomaly separation method regarding the nature of geochemical data obtained from the area sampled. The main objectives of this study were (1) evaluating and comparing the spatial U-statistic and concentration–area fractal modeling methods of anomaly identification, both amenable to spatial analysis, for recognizing geochemical footprints of porphyry copper mineralization, and (2) measuring their performance in the context of district-scale exploration targeting in an area located in southeast Iran. Subsequently, the methods were first evaluated on a dataset of element contents to decompose anomalous populations. Finally, the geochemical model that proved more efficient with respect to predicting the known mineral deposits was integrated with additional evidence maps to delineate exploration targets. Our evaluation of the resulting geochemical targeting model demonstrated that the targets derived from this method are robust and worthy of follow-up exploration.