April 18, 2024
Ali Shanaghi

Ali Shanaghi

Academic rank: Associate Professor
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Education: Ph.D in eng
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Faculty: Technical Engineering

Research

Title Corrosion resistance, nano-mechanical properties, and biocompatibility of Mg-plasma-implanted and plasma-etched Ta/TaN hierarchical multilayered coatings on the nitrided AZ91 Mg alloy
Type Article
Keywords
AZ91 Mg alloy, Ta/TaN multilayered coating, plasma, etching, Mg plasma immersion ion implantation, corrosion resistance, biocompatibility
Journal Biomedical Materials
Researchers Ali Shanaghi

Abstract

A tantalum/tantalum nitride (Ta/TaN) multilayered coating is deposited on plasma-nitridedAZ91 Mg alloy. The top TaN layer undergoes O2 + Ar plasma etching to improve the antibacterial properties and Mg plasma immersion ion implantation (MgPIII) is performed to enhance the biocompatibility and wound healing capability. A uniform, compact, homogeneous, and columnar nanostructured MgPIII and plasma-etched TaN layer with a cluster size of about 17 nm, surface roughness of 0.28 nm, and needle morphology is observed. Although, plasma etching increases the corrosion current density (icorr) from 0.02 to 0.19 µA cm−2 due to larger surface roughness and different potentials between sharp points and smooth points, MgPIII decreases icorr from 0.19 to 0.02 µA cm−2 besides a more positive corrosion potential. The amounts of Mg+2 released to the simulated body fluid (SBF) diminishes from 89.63 ± 0.54 to 60.30 ± 0.47 mg l−1 cm−2 indicating improved corrosion resistance. Under fever conditions (40 ◦C), icorr decreases by 63%, but the open circuit potential does not change due to the constant chemical composition of the surface as well as thicker double layer and less defects, as confirmed by the larger amount of Mg+2 of 71.49 ± 0.22 mg l−1 cm−2 leached to the SBF. In the self-healing process which occurs via the reactions between the tantalum intermediate layer and electrolytes and penetrating ions through the defects as well as formation of oxide compounds, creation and propagation of defects are deterred as shown the 24 h destructive polarization test in SBF. The combination of plasma etching and MgPIII enhance not only the bacterial resistance and biocompatibility of the super-hard TaN layer by providing the rougher surface on TaN–P–Mg, but also the nano-mechanical properties and anticorrosion properties. As a result, the hardness increases by 7%, elastic modulus decreases by 19%, and the stiffness increases by 21%.