18 مرداد 1399
شهريار مهدوي

شهریار مهدوی

مرتبه علمی: دانشیار
نشانی: ملایر- دانشگاه ملایر- دانشکده کشاورزی- گروه علوم ومهندسی خاک
تحصیلات: دکترای تخصصی / خاکشناسی
تلفن: 0812355338
دانشکده: کشاورزی

مشخصات پژوهش

عنوان
The removal of phosphate from aqueous solutions using two nano-structures: copper oxide and carbon tubes
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Nano-copper oxide  Carbon nanotubes  Phosphate  Removal
سال
2016
مجله Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy
پژوهشگران شهریار مهدوی ، داود اخضری

چکیده

The removal of phosphate from water is vital in controlling eutrophication. Adsorption is one of the most popular technologies for removing phosphate. In this study, two types of nanoparticles (NPs), namely carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and copper oxide (CuO), were used and their phosphate removal potential was investigated. The physical and chemical properties of the two NPs were systemati- cally studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), FTIR, energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX), and BET methods. The image analyses of SEM indicated that CuO NPs and CNTs were nano-struc- tured aggregates with mean diameters of about 85.0 and 22.2 nm, respectively. The sorption kinetic data were better described by the pseudo-second-order equation indicating its chemisorption nature. The equilibrium sorption data were well fitted into the Freundlich model for CNTs but for CuO, sorption data were better fitted into Langmuir iso- therm model. The phosphate sorption capacities without the presence of competing anions were 15.4 and 23.9 mg/g (PO4 3--P) for CNTs and CuO, respectively. Besides, the competing anions (Cl -,NO3 -, and humic acid) decreased the phosphate removal of CNTs and CuO. The negative values of the Gibbs’ free energy change (DG) demon- strated the spontaneous nature of the sorption process in both sorbents, while the positive values of the enthalpy change (DH) indicated that the sorption process was endothermic in nature.